From 1967 to 1997, the Nord American oil company Texaco extracted about 5,6 billion liters of oil in the Ecuadorean Amazon, generally known as “Est”.
Texaco is now accused of discharging there 60,6 millions of liter of crude and 70,1 billions of toxic water, polluting 2,5 millions acres of land. These are the numbers of one of biggest environmental disasters ever committed. This amount assumes more importance considering the dumping took place in lands with a big importance for the global ecosystem. In Amazon and specifically in provinces of Sucumbios and Orellana. In these lands cases of cancer and malformations exponentially increased with an amount above national average. Scientific studies created a relationship between this intensification and oil pollution. Two native populations extincted during the oil extraction period and the presence of oil in rivers and lands is still verifiable. Texaco built 336 wells and 948 pools for oil storage often hidden to National Authorities. From 1993 local communities struck down by devastating effects of extraction and storage of toxic waters have started a legal battle generating one of biggest environmental actions ever celebrated in the world. The 15th of February 2011, the court of Lago Agrio sentenced Texaco have to pay about 9 Billions dollars to refound victims of pollution and restore the original eco-system.
Work published on IL, Intelligence in Lifestyle | Il Sole24Ore